One of the key features of Figma is the ability to create and use components, which are reusable building blocks that can be used to create more complex designs.
In this article, we will explore what components are, why they are useful, and how to create and use them in Figma. We will also discuss some best practices at the end.
What are Components in Figma?
Components are reusable pieces of a design that can be used multiple times in a single design or across multiple designs. This makes it easy to create and maintain consistent, modular designs.
For example, you could create a button component that has the same visual style and behavior across your entire design system. Whenever you need to use a button in your design, you can use the button component instead of creating a new button from scratch. This saves time and ensures consistency across your designs.
Why are Components useful?
Here are the benefits of using components in Figma:
First, they save time by allowing you to reuse common elements in your designs instead of recreating them every time. This is especially useful for elements that are used frequently, such as buttons, icons, and form fields.
Second, components make it easy to maintain consistency in your designs. By using the same component across your designs, you can ensure that the visual style and behavior of that element are the same everywhere it is used. This helps to create a cohesive design system and avoid inconsistencies.
Third, components are flexible and can be easily updated. If you need to make a change to a component, you can simply update the master component, and all instances of that component in your design will be updated automatically. This allows you to quickly make global changes to your design without having to manually update each instance of the component.
How to create components in Figma?
Creating components in Figma is easy and straightforward. Here are the steps to create a component in Figma:
- Open your design in Figma and select the elements that you want to turn into a component. This can be any group of elements, such as a button or a form field.
- Click the “Create Component” button in the toolbar, or use the shortcut key Ctrl + Alt + K or Command + Option + K to convert the selected elements into a component.
- Give your component a name that will create a master component that represents the base version of the component.
- To create variations of the component, simply make changes to the master component, such as changing its colors or adding hover states. These changes will be reflected in all instances of the component in your design.
How to use components in Figma?
Using components in Figma is easy and intuitive. Here are the steps to use a component in Figma:
- Open your design in Figma and locate the component in the components panel on the right side of the screen.
- Drag the component from the components panel and drop it onto your design canvas. This will create an instance of the component in your design.
- If you want to change the properties of the component, such as its colors or typography, simply select the component and make the desired changes in the properties panel on the right side of the screen. These changes will only affect the selected instance of the component, not the master component or other instances of the component.
- If you want to create a variation of the component, such as a button with a different color or hover state, right-click on the component in the components panel and select “Create Variant”. This will create a new nested component that is based on the master component, but with the changes you specified.
- To use the nested component, simply drag and drop it onto the design canvas like any other component. This will create an instance of the nested component, which will have the specified changes.
Best practices for creating components in Figma
Here are some general best practices for creating components in Figma:
- Start by defining the purpose and behavior of the component. This will help you determine the appropriate structure and design for the component.
- Create a master component that represents the base version of the component. This is the version that will be used most often, and it should have the most common visual and functional characteristics of the component.
- Use nested components to create variations of the master component. For example, if you have a button component, you might create nested components for different styles (e.g. primary, secondary, etc.) or states (e.g. hover, active, etc.).
- Use constraints and auto-layout to ensure that the component maintains its intended structure and behavior when resized or when used in different contexts. This will make the component more flexible and easier to use.
- Use styles to define the visual properties of the component, such as colors, typography, and effects. This will make it easier to maintain consistency and make global changes to the design.
- Document the component by adding notes and annotations that explain its purpose and behavior, as well as any usage guidelines or best practices. This will make it easier for other designers to understand and use the component.
- Test the component by using it in different contexts and with different variations and states. This will help you identify any potential issues or areas for improvement.
Overall, using components in Figma is a simple and effective way to create and maintain consistent, modular designs. By creating and using components, you can save time and ensure that your designs are cohesive and easy to update.